Overseas Production

Advancement in Overseas Affiliates

Full-scale overseas production by Toyota in the post-World War II period focused on development of sites in Southeast Asia and Latin America. The first step was the establishment of a manufacturing company in Brazil, a resource-rich country with the highest national income in the underdeveloped region of Latin America and high potential for future market development, as well as a large number of Japanese immigrants since the pre-war period with a strong interest in Japanese products, and the anticipation of a national law that would domesticate the automobile industry. Initial overseas production was characterized by a shift from exporting of completely built-up (CBU) vehicles to a knockdown format in response to domestication policies in various countries. Starting in the mid-1980s, the number of overseas production sites grew rapidly in conjunction with the increasingly borderless nature of the global economy, especially in North America and Europe, and, by the end of 2011, Toyota had 50 production affiliates in 26 countries and regions.

Year
Month
Events
1958
January
TDB established in Brazil (production commenced in May 1959)
1960
August
Assembly and sales tie-up formed with Planta Reo de Mexico, S.A. in Mexico (production commenced in December 1960 and discontinued in March 1964)*
1962
February
Agency agreement concluded with Toyopet Commercials Pty. Ltd. in South Africa (Production by Motor Assemblies Ltd, commenced in June 1962)
June
Tie-up formed with Delta Motor Corporation in Philippines (production commenced in November 1962 and discontinued in December 1983)*
August
Tocars C.A. in Venezuela acquires 4 wheel drive-vehicle production license (production commenced in January 1963); TMC invests in Tocars in November 1989 and launches Toyota de Venezuela Compania Anonima (TDV) in September 1992
October
TMT established in Thailand (production commenced in February 1964)
November
Agency agreement concluded with Australian Motor Industries Ltd. (AMI) in Australia (production commenced in April 1963)
1963
January
Land Cruiser production agreement entered into with ES Motor in Venezuela (production commenced in December 1963 and discontinued in October 1971)*
May
CKD agreement entered into with Domingo Basso in Uruguay (production commenced in September 1963 and discontinued in December 1972)*
1964
November
CKD export agreement entered into with ECASA in Costa Rica (production commenced in September 1965 and discontinued in October 1982)*
1966
January
Agency agreement concluded with Shinjin Motors in South Korea (production commenced in May 1966 and discontinued in October 1972)*
January
Tie-up formed with Consolidated Motor (CMD) in New Zealand (production commenced in January 1966 and discontinued in October 1998)*
January
Toyota del Peru S.A. established (production commenced in April 1967 and discontinued in March 1998)*

1967

February
Production by SMA in New Zealand commenced (production discontinued in October 1998)*
August
Agency agreement entered into with Borneo Motors Pte. Ltd. in Malaysia (production by Champion Motor commenced in February 1968; Champion was renamed ASSB in 1975)
1968
April
Tie-up formed with Lio Ho Motor Co., Ltd. in Taiwan (production commenced in December 1968 and discontinued in January 1973)*
April
Production by CIL in New Zealand commenced (production discontinued in October 1998)*
October
CKD agreement entered into with Salvador Caetano (now TCAP) in Portugal (production commenced at Tasso in November 1968 )
1969
July
CKD agreement entered into with Fattal Vehicle Assemblies in Ghana (production commenced in July 1969 and discontinued in August 1978)*
September
Tie-up formed with Canadian Motor Industries in Canada (production commenced in September 1969 and discontinued in November 1975)*
1970
April
Production by National Motors Ltd. in Pakistan commenced (production discontinued in August 1985)*
May
Production by PT. Gaya Motor in Indonesia commenced (production discontinued in March 1982)*
1971
April
CKD agreement entered into with Amar Auto Supplies Ltd. in Trinidad and Tobago and production commenced (production discontinued in December 1995)*
April
Toyota-Astra Motor (now TMMIN) established in Indonesia (production commenced in June 1977
July
Truck bed production outsourcing agreement entered into between Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A. and Atlas International Inc. (production commenced in January 1972)
1972
February
CKD Production agreement entered into with Toyota Ireland (production commenced in February 1973 and discontinued in December 1983)*
1973
December
Awami Autos Ltd. in Pakistan commenced production of Toyota vehicles (production discontinued in August 1986)*
1975
June
Associated Vehicle Assemblers (AVA) established in Kenya (production commenced in August 1977)
1977
November
Outsourced production commences at Ford Singapore (production discontinued in October 1979)*
1978
February
Toyota Auto Body Thailand established in Thailand (production of stamped parts commenced in May 1979 and discontinued in 2010)*
1979
March
Master CKD assembly agreement entered into with Aftab in Bangladesh (production commenced in July 1983)
1980
KD agreement entered into with WMI in Zimbabwe (production commenced in May 1981 and discontinued in November 1991)*
1981
November
Tocars in Venezuela commences production of Toyota vehicles
1983
March
CAPTIN established in Canada (production commenced in February 1985)
March
RZL begins KD production in Zambia (production commenced in March 1983 and discontinued in August 1991)*
August
DCM Toyota (DTL) established in India by a merger (production commenced in May 1985 and discontinued in October 1996)*
1984
February
NUMMI established in the U.S.A. (production commenced in December 1984 and discontinued in April 2010)*
April
Kuozui Motors established in Taiwan (production commenced in January 1986)
1985
October
Ayax S.A. in Uruguay begins production (production discontinued in December 1992)*
1986
January
TMM (now KMMK) established in the U.S.A. (production commenced in May 1988)
January
TMMC established in Canada (production commenced in November 1988)
October
Maresa in Ecuador begins KD production (production commenced in October 1986 and discontinued in February 2001)*
1987
June
STM established in Thailand (production commenced in July 1989)
June
Memorandum of understanding regarding Hanover Project entered into with Volkswagen AG of Germany (production commenced in January 1989 and discontinued in February 1997)*
1988
August
TMP established in the Philippines (production commenced in February 1989)
November
Technical agreement entered into with Shenyang Jinbei Automotive Co., Ltd. in China (production commenced in October 1990)
1989
November
TMC invests in Tocars of Venezuela (launched as TDV in 1992)
December
TMUK established in the United Kingdom (production commenced in August 1992)
December
IMC established in Pakistan (production commenced in March 1993)
1990
January
Bodine in the U.S. acquired by TMCS (production at the Troy Plant commenced in January 1993)
May
TMC invests in SOFASA, a Columbian joint venture with Renault (production commenced in March 1992 and discontinued in November 2008)*
July
Toyotasa established in Turkey (production commenced in September 1994)
August
TAP established in the Philippines (production commenced in September 1992)
1991
May
CCP established in the U.S. (production of catalytic converters commenced in May 1989 at the TABC site; production discontinued in April 2011)*
1994
May
TASA established in Argentina (production commenced in March 1997)
1995
September
TMV established in Vietnam (production commenced in August 1996)
December
TFAP established in China (production commenced in May 1998)
1996
February
TMMI established in the U.S.A. (production commenced in February 1999)
May
TMMWV established in the U.S.A. (production commenced in November 1998)
June
TFTE established in China (production commenced in July 1998)
1997
February
TTFC established in China (production commenced in December 1998)
July
TJAC established in China (production commenced in July 1997) ; Capital relationship ended in January 2011 (status changed to that of a supplier)
October
TKM established in India (production commenced in December 1999)
1998
October
TMMF established in France (production commenced in January 2001)
November
SFTM established in China (production commenced in December 1999)
1999
September
TMMP established in Poland (production commenced in April 2002)
2000
June
TFTM established in China (production commenced in October 2002)
2001
June
TMMAL established in the U.S.A. (production commenced in April 2003)
2002
March
TPCA, a joint venture with Peugeot, established in Czechoslovakia (production commenced in February 2005)
April
TKAP established in India (production commenced in July 2002)
April
TMMBC established in Mexico (production commenced in September 2004)
October
TMIP established in Poland (production commenced in March 2005)
2003
March
TMMTX established in the U.S.A. (production commenced in November 2006)
March
SFTM Changchun established in China (production commenced in October 2003)
November
Production outsourcing agreement entered into with PT. Astra Daihatsu Motor (ADM) in Indonesia (production commenced in December 2003)
2004
February
GTE established in China (production commenced in January 2005)
March
FTCE established in China (production commenced in December 2004)
March
TFTD established in China (production commenced in December 2004)
September
GTMC established in China (production commenced in May 2006)
2005
May
TMMR established in Russia (production commenced in December 2007)
2007
February
Subaru of Indiana Automotive, Inc. (SIA) of the U.S.A. begins Camry production
April
TMMMS established in the U.S.A. (production commenced in October 2011)
2009
December
PT Hino Motors Manufacturing Indonesia (HMMI) commences production of Toyota trucks
2011
February
Basic agreement reached with Sollers-Bussan in Russia to conduct assembly locally (production scheduled to begin February 2013)
June
Production outsourcing agreement entered into with Arab American Vehicles Company (AAV) in Egypt (production commenced in April 2012)
*
Indicates that the company does not exist as of December 2011

History of overseas production by Toyota

History of overseas production by Toyota

History of overseas production by Toyota:35.8KB

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