Technical Development

HV and FC

Year
Month
Technology developed and applied
Applicable Vehicle
1977
 
Toyota Sports 800 Gas Turbine Hybrid concept vehicle, the starting point for Toyota's development of hybrid vehicles, exhibited at the 22nd Tokyo Motor Show
Toyota Sports 800, Gas Turbine Hybrid
1992
September 25
EV Development Division established inside Toyota Development Center 3, consolidating the electric vehicle development departments that had existed among various engineering divisions into one organization, with the goal of developing technology that will meet U.S. State of California zero emission vehicle (ZEV) regulations due to go into effect in 1998
 
October
Project for developing fuel cells for passenger cars launched
 
1993
February
Townace EV launched; decision made to deliver 42 units to public agencies
Townace
March 1
Electric vehicle version of the Crown Majesta delivered to the Tokyo Metropolitan Government
Crown Majesta EV
March
BRVF Dept. established within the Research and Development Group for promoting development of hybrid-related technologies
 
August 5
RAV4 EV equipped with a nickel-metal hydride battery wins the First Scandinavian Electric Car Rally, the world's first EV race
 
1995
July 3
RAV4 EV monitoring program commenced
RAV4 EV
1996
January 22
Road testing commenced of the RAV4 EV equipped with an advanced nickel-metal hydride battery
RAV4 EV
October
RAV4 EV-based FCEV(1) fuel cell electric vehicle unveiled in parade on the Midosuji Boulevard in Osaka
 
1997
March 25
Toyota Hybrid System announced
 
April
Research and Development Group's BRVF Dept. merged into the EV Development Division, establishing the new Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Engineering Division
 
August 22
Coaster Hybrid EV launched
Coaster Hybrid EV
October 6
RAV4 EV launched
RAV4 EV
October 14
The Prius developed
Prius
October 15
The Prius exhibited at the 32nd Tokyo Motor Show
Prius
October
FCEV(2) announced at the Tokyo Motor Show
FCEV(2)
December 4
Letter of intent signed by Toyota Motor Corporation (TMC) and China's State Science and Technology Commission on the EV Project for carrying out test runs and evaluating electric vehicles in China
 
1998
March
BRFE Dept. established
 
July 14
Plan announced to sell the Prius in North America and Europe in 2000
Prius
September 16
Plan announced to begin operating an EV commuter system internally in the spring of 2000, using the e-com compact EV commuter
e-com
1999
April 5
EV commuter system Crayon developed
Crayon
June
FC System Development Division established
 
October 8
THS-C announced at the Third Toyota Environmental Forum
THS-C
October 8
Nickel-metal hydride battery developed jointly with Panasonic EV Energy, as the drive battery for hybrid vehicles
 
October 13
Plan announced to exhibit the HV-M4 concept vehicle at the 33rd Tokyo Motor Show
HV-M4
November 29
RAV4 EV with new inductive charging system launched
RAV4 EV
2000
January
BRFC Production Engineering Department established, commencing full-scale development of production technologies related to fuel cells
 
May 25
Partially redesigned Prius launched
Prius
July
Joint development of a stationary fuel cell cogeneration system with Aisin Seiki commenced
 
October
Plan announced to participate in the California Fuel Cell Partnership (CaFCP)
 
 
Japan's New Energy and Industrial Technical Development Organization (NEDO) commences its Millennium project for establishing codes and standards for the popularization of polymer electrolyte fuel cell systems
 
2001
March
FCHV-3 fuel cell vehicle announced
FCHV-3
June 12
Development of THS-M announced
 
June 15
New Estima Hybrid developed and launched
Estima Hybrid
June
FCHV-BUS1 fuel cell hybrid bus announced
FCHV-BUS1
June
FCHV-4 fuel cell vehicle certified for use on public roads by Japan's Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT)
FCHV-4
August 20
THS-M installed in the Crown Royal Saloon as the world's first mild-hybrid system in a production vehicle
Crown Royal Saloon
August
Toyota succeeds in a test run of the world's first on-board gasoline-reforming fuel cell vehicle
 
October
FCHV-5 fuel cell vehicle announced
FCHV-5
2002
January
Fuel Cell System Development Center, housing the Fuel Cell R&D Management Department, Fuel Cell System Development Division and Fuel Cell Production Engineering Division, established
 
July 1
After one year of testing on public roads, decision made to start limited sales of fuel cell vehicles in Japan and the U.S. by around the end of 2002, earlier than originally planned
 
August 6
Partially modified Prius launched
Prius
September 27
FCHV-BUS2 certified for use on public roads by the MLIT
FCHV-BUS2
October 4
THS-M-installed Crown Sedan Super Deluxe launched
Crown
November 18
FCHV certified for use on public roads by MLIT; limited sales commenced December 2
FCHV
December 25
Vitz (with CVT) launched with Toyota Intelligent Idling Stop System
Vitz
 
Participation commenced in Phase 1 of the Japan Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Demonstration Project (JHFC-1) of Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI)
 
2003
April 17
Development of THS II new-generation hybrid system announced
THS II
May 13
Six FCHVs sold in only Japan
FCHV
June 18
EPT Building completed; Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Engineering Div. and Fuel Cell System Engineering Div. move in from Engineering Div.
 
June
TMC and Aisin Seiki Co., Ltd (Aisin Seiki) exhibit stationary fuel cell at the World Gas Conference in Tokyo
 
July 30
Alphard Hybrid launched
Alphard Hybrid
August
FCHV-BUS2 commences its first commercial operation in Japan
FCHV-BUS2
September 1
Prius undergoes complete redesign
Prius
September 3
The Dyna Hybrid becomes the world's first hybrid truck
Dyna
October 14
Fine-N fuel cell concept vehicle and other environment friendly concept vehicles exhibited at the 37th Tokyo Motor Show
Fine-N
2004
January
FC Development Group established
 
March 9
Patent licensing agreement on hybrid and exhaust emission-cleaning technologies signed with Ford Motor Company
 
March
The Motor Triathlon Race Car (MTRC) concept vehicle unveiled at the 74th Geneva International Motor Show
MTRC
 
Certification obtained for an internally manufactured 35-MPa, high-pressure hydrogen tank
 
2005
March 22
Harrier hybrid and Kluger Hybrid launched
Harrier Hybrid, Kluger Hybrid
March
FCHV-BUS commences operation as a shuttle bus at the 2005 World Exposition, Aichi, Japan
FCHV-BUS
March
FCHV participates as a ceremonial parade vehicle at the Expo 2005 Aichi Japan
FCHV
June 17
FCHV partially modified and acquires vehicle-type certification as the first fuel cell vehicle in Japan to satisfy the safety standards of the Japan's Road Transport Vehicle Act
FCHV
October 11
Fine-X fuel cell concept vehicle exhibited at the 39th Tokyo Motor Show
Fine-X
 
15-year certification obtained for an internally manufactured 35-MPa, high-pressure hydrogen tank; certification obtained for an internally manufactured 70-MPa, high-pressure hydrogen tank
 
2006
February 27
Commercial operation of the FCHV-BUS expanded to include the area around the Central Japan International Airport
FCHV-BUS
June 12
Estima Hybrid undergoes complete redesign
Estima Hybrid
June 13
Success in starting a fuel cell vehicle at low temperature of -30 degrees announced at the Toyota Environmental Forum
 
July 18
Commercial operation of the FCHV-BUS expanded to include to, from and within the Central Japan International Airport
FCHV-BUS
2007
April 19
Commercial operation of the FCHV commenced in the area around the Central Japan International Airport
FCHV
May 17
Lexus LS 600h and LS 600hL launched
Lexus LS 600h, Lexus LS 600hL
July 16
Toyota Supra Hybrid HV-R wins the overall title at the 14th Tokachi 24-hour endurance race
Supra HV-R
July 25
Toyota plug-in hybrid car developed
Plug-in hybrid vehicles
August 10
Prius meets Japan's 2015 Fuel Efficiency Standards
Prius
September 28
FCHV completes an Osaka-Tokyo trip over a distance of approximately 560 km without refueling
FCHV
September
Participation commenced in METI's hydrogen fuel cell verification project
 
2008
February 18
Crown Hybrid launched
Lexus GS 450h
May
24 units of a home-use fuel-cell cogeneration system provided to Toho Gas Co., Ltd., which is participating in METI's Large-scale Stationary Fuel Cell Demonstration Project
 
June 3
FCHV-adv advanced fuel cell vehicle acquires vehicle-type certification from MLIT
FCHV-adv
July 7
TMC provides a FCHV-adv as a test-drive vehicle and five FC busses as a shuttle bus to the July 7-9 Hokkaido Toyako Summit
FCHV-adv
September 1
Limited sales of the FCHV-adv commenced
FCHV-adv
2009
March 25
Joint development of a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) co-generation system for home use announced by TMC, Osaka Gas Co., Ltd., Kyocera Corporation, and Aisin Seiki.
 
May
Third-generation Prius launched in Japan through Toyota dealers nationwide on May 18; Equipped with a newly developed hybrid system (THS II with a motor speed reduction device), more than 90% of which has been redesigned, the new Prius achieves world-leading fuel efficiency of 38.0 km/L and powertrain performance equivalent to that of cars equipped with a 2.4 L engine.
Prius
November 13
Fuel Cell Vehicle Long Distance Demonstration Drive of 1,100 km commenced as part of the Japan Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Demonstration Project (JHFC)
FCHV-adv
December
Leasing of approximately 600 Prius Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles (PHV) to selected customers in Japan, the U.S., and Europe commenced; Based on a belief that the PHV is an eco car most suitable for full-scale introduction and with the aim of early adoption, Toyota plans mass market introduction within two years, with the goal of selling several tens of thousands a year.
Prius Plug-in Hybrid
2010
September 17
As system manufacturers, TMC and Aisin Seiki supply approximately 60 units of the FY2010-model SOFC cogeneration system for home use to NEDO's Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Verification Project
 
November 18
Announcement made regarding market introduction of fuel cell vehicles

December 15
FCHV-BUS provided for commercial operation between central Tokyo and Tokyo International Airport (Haneda Airport) in response to a request from the Research Association of Hydrogen Supply/Utilization Technology (HySUT)
FCHV-BUS
2011
January 13
13 companies, consisting of automobile manufacturers and hydrogen suppliers, issue a joint statement toward introducing fuel cell vehicles to the Japanese market and building a hydrogen supply infrastructure by 2015
 
January 23
Units of the FCHV-adv provided for use in a car-service trial program between Narita International Airport and other destinations, in response to a request from HySUT
FCHV-adv
December
Aqua compact hybrid that combines driving enjoyment with world-leading fuel efficiency launched; Based on a smaller, lighter and more efficient hybrid system, the Aqua achieves fuel efficiency of 35.4 km/L under the JC08 test cycle at an entry price of 1.69 million yen.
Aqua
December
FCV-R displayed at the 42nd Tokyo Motor Show
FCV-R

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