Toyota events
General events
1941
January 28
President Risaburo Toyoda promoted to Chairman and Kiichiro Toyoda appointed company president
 
 
February
Production of AE passenger car 'Shin-Nihon' commenced
 
 
 
 
March
Official prices of automobiles set
 
 
April
Cabinet order issued for controlling daily necessities
 
 
April
Tokyo Automobile Industries Co., Ltd. receives authorization under the Automotive Manufacturing Industries Law and is renamed Diesel Motor Industry Co., Ltd.
May 1
Machine tool plant of the machine tools division split off to form Toyota Machine Works Co., Ltd. (now Jtekt Co.)
 
 
 
 
August
U.S.A. institutes a complete ban on petroleum exports to Japan
 
 
December
The Pacific War breaks out
 
 
December
Automobile Control Committee established
1942
 
 
January
Sales of foreign-made passenger cars banned
February
Shanghai Plant split off to establish Kachu Toyoda Jidosha Kogyo
 
 
March 11
Five companies (Toyoda Boshoku, Toyoda Oshikiri Boshoku Corporation, Chuo Spinning & Weaving Company, Utsumi Boshoku, and Kyowa Boseki) merged to establish Chuo Spinning Company
 
 
March
Production of KB truck (follow-on model to GB truck) commenced
 
 
 
 
May
Diesel Industry splits off Hino Works to establish Hino Heavy Industry Co., Ltd.
June
Airplane Division established
June
Dowa Automotive Industries Co., Ltd. merged into Manchuria Automobile Manufacturing Company
 
 
July
Japan Automobile Distribution established
October 3
Toyota Hospital opened
November
Prefectural Automobile Distribution established
1943
March 19
Tokai Hikoki Co., Ltd. (now Aisin Seiki Co., Ltd.) established jointly with Kawasaki Aircraft Co., Ltd.
March
Petroleum Monopoly Act promulgated
March
Production of the Model AC passenger car (modified version of the A-type) commenced
 
 
May
Kariya Plant's Rubber Division merged with Kokuka Kogyo Co., Ltd., establishing the latter's Nagoya Plant (now Toyoda Gosei Co., Ltd.)
 
 
June
Inspection and Improvement Committee formed
June
Japanese Cabinet makes a decision on the Basic Policy for Enterprise Readjustment to Enlarge Fighting Strength
 
 
October
Controlled Companies Act promulgated
November 3
Chuo Boseki (Chuo Spinning) Co. merged into Toyota;
- its main plants (Kariya North, Kariya South, and Nakagawa Plants) diverted for use by the Airplane Group
November
Planning Bureau and the Ministry of Commerce and Industry abolished and the Ministry of Supply established
November
Production of KC truck (with wartime specifications) commenced
 
 
November
Production of airplane engine 'Ha-13-Kou 2' commenced at Kariya North Plant
 
 
December
Kyohokai established
December
Munitions Companies Law enacted
1944
January 17
Designated as a munitions company
January
All Japanese automobile manufacturing companies designated as munitions companies
January
Large-class luxury B passenger car prototyped
 
 
July
AK10 four-wheel drive vehicle prototyped
July
Allied nations hold economic conference in Bretton Woods
 
 
September
Nissan renamed Nissan Heavy Industries, Ltd.
1945
March 10,
March 14
Most of Shibaura Plant destroyed by air raids (10th); Osaka Field Office burned down (14th)
 
 
May
Evacuation of Koromo Plant commenced
 
 
August 14
Casting Plant and Machinery Plant inside Koromo Plant damaged by bombs
August
Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
August 31
Toyota Shatai Kogyo Co., Ltd. (now Toyota Auto Body Co., Ltd.) established
August
End of World War II
 
 
September
GHQ orders complete cessation of munitions production
 
 
September
GHQ permits production of trucks
October
Restoration of Koromo Plant and Shibaura Plant commenced
October
The United Nations founded
October
Toyota Laboratory established,
- renamed Special Engineering Division in 1948, and then absorbed into related divisions in the spring of 1950
 
 
 
 
November
GHQ orders dissolution of the zaibatsu
 
 
November
Automobile Council founded
December 8
Conversion to consumer goods production permitted
 
 
December 15
Consumer Mutual Aid Society (now Toyota Consumers' Co-Operative Society) established
 
 
1946
January 19
Toyota Motor Koromo Workers' Union (now Toyota Motor Worker's Union) formed
 
 
January 20
Aichi Plant designated reparation preservation facility (Canceled on May 28)
January
Automotive Manufacturing Industries Law abolished
 
 
February
Emergency Financial Measure ordinance promulgated (deposits and savings frozen, and switched to the new yen)
 
 
March
Labor Union Act enacted
 
 
March
Hino Heavy Industries Inc. renamed Hino Industry Co., Ltd.
April 7
First Management Council (now the Labor Management Council) held
 
 
May 18
Delegates from automobile dealers throughout Japan invited to Koromo Plant
 
 
 
 
June
Automobile Business Association of Japan established (dissolving Automobile Council)
July
Tokyo Kyohokai established (renamed Kanto Kyohokai in April 1957)
July
Japan Automobile Distribution dissolved
August 11
Designated a special accounting company (canceled on May 7, 1951)
August
Economy Stabilization Headquarters and Office of Price established
 
 
October
Enterprise Reorganization Act goes into effect
 
 
October
Renault Public Corporation launches '4CV'
November 16
Toyota Motor Sales Association formed (renamed Toyota Dealers Association on May 26, 1948)
 
 
 
 
December
Japanese Cabinet makes a decision on a production priority system
1947
January 27
Kansai Kyohokai established (the existing Kyohokai renamed Tokai Kyohokai)
 
 
 
 
February
Japan Society of Automobile Engineers (now Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan (JSAE) founded
March
Production of BM truck commenced
 
 
April 20
Repairing of U.S.A. military passenger cars commenced
 
 
April
Production of SB small truck (Toyota's first small truck) commenced
 
 
 
 
May
Constitution of Japan goes into effect
June 3
Production of fifty large passenger cars permitted by a GHQ memorandum
June
Production of passenger cars permitted with restrictions by a GHQ memorandum
 
 
June
U.S.A. announces the European Restoration Plan (Marshall Plan)
July 2
Management Research Committee established
July
Anti-Monopoly Law goes into effect
 
 
August
GHQ permits resumption of foreign trading by the private sector with restrictions
September 18
Toyota Engineering Society established
September
Labor Standards Act goes into effect
September
'Toyopet' selected as the nickname of the compact car (model SA) through a public suggestion process
 
 
October
Production of the SA compact passenger car (Toyota's first compact passenger car) commenced;
- in the same year BM truck exported to Okinawa, and SA compact passenger car exported to Egypt (first export following the end of World War II)
October
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) signed
 
 
December
Excessive Economic Power Deconcentration Law promulgated
1948
January 7
Law for the Termination of Zaibatsu Family Control applied to Toyota (canceled on July 10, 1951)
January
Law for the Termination of Zaibatsu Family Control promulgated
February 8
Toyota designated as a company subject to the Excessive Economic Power Deconcentration Law (canceled on January 21, 1949)
 
 
March 25
Toyota Motor Workers' Union joins the All Japan Automobile Workers Union (JAWU)
 
 
 
 
April
Berlin Blockade commenced
 
 
April
Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association established
 
 
May
Economy Stabilization Headquarters announces the Five-Year Economic Recovery Plan
August
Highest deliberative body, previously divided into Consumer Product Executive Office, Production Executive Office, etc., centralized as the Executive Office
 
 
August
Inspection and Improvement Department and Management Research Department established
 
 
August
Open test drive of the SA compact passenger car carried out
 
 
 
 
September
Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Founded
 
 
September
Citroen launched the '2CV'
 
 
September
Porsche launched the rear-engine sports car '356'
October
Electrical Component Division of Kariya South Plant and Radiator Division of Koromo Plant transferred to Kariya North Plant (renamed Electrical Plant)
October
Ministry of Commerce and Industry announces its Basic Policy on Automobile Industry
October
Management Research Committee reorganized to establish the Management Rationalization Committee, which also includes the Workers' Union
 
 
 
 
December
Hino Industry renamed Hino Diesel Industry Co., Ltd.
 
 
December
U.S.A. government instructs Douglas MacArthur to implement the Nine Economy Stabilization Principles
1949
February 1
Invention and Design Handling Rules established (first Invention and Design Committee meeting held in March)
 
 
 
 
March
Dodge Line announced
April 29
Labor Union holds its first strike since its formation in opposition to the revision of the Labor Union Act
April
North Atlantic Treaty signed
 
 
April
Fixed exchange rate determined ($1 = 360 yen)
May
Production of BL model, low-floor bus commenced
May
Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI; now Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry [METI]) established
June
Automobile Recycling Group of Nakagawa Plant (in Nagoya city) closed
 
 
 
 
July
Diesel Automobile Industry Co., Ltd. renamed Isuzu Motors Ltd.
 
 
August
Nissan Heavy Industries renamed Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.
 
 
September
GHQ announces the Report on Japanese Taxation By The Shoup Mission
 
 
October
GHQ cancels the passenger car production restriction
November
Production of SD compact passenger car commenced
November
Road Traffic Act revised to specify pedestrian traffic on the right side and vehicular traffic on the left side of roads
December 16
Nippondenso Co., Ltd. (now Denso Corporation) and Aichi Enamelware established
December
Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Act promulgated
December 24
Memorandum signed with the Workers' Union on 10% wage reduction and no layoffs
 
 
December
188.2 million yen in financing received from a group of 24 banks
 
 
December
Statistical Quality Control (SQC) introduced
 
 
December
Competitive bid won to supply 100 trucks to the U.S.A. military in Okinawa
 
 
-
Sometime this year, large trucks exported to Taiwan for the first time
 
 
1950
 
 
January
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. split into three companies
April 3
Toyota Motor Sales Co., Ltd. established (Managing Director Shotaro Kamiya appointed company president)
 
 
April 7
Labor dispute erupted surrounding layoffs
April
Automobile distribution control completely abolished
April 22
Company rebuilding plan announced; includes persuading 1,600 employees to voluntarily retire and closure of Kamata and Shibaura Plants (both in Tokyo)
April
Official pricing of automobiles abolished
May 15
Minsei Spinning Co., Ltd. (now Toyota Boshoku Corp.) established
May
Act on Foreign Capital goes into effect; Foreign Investment Commission established
 
 
May
Minsei Diesel Industries, Ltd. established
June 7
Yutaka Precon (now Toyota T&S Construction Co., Ltd.) established
June
Korean War breaks out
June 10
Labor dispute concluded, and Kamata and Shibaura Plants closed
 
 
June 23
Shotaro Kamiya, President of Toyota Motor Sales, leaves for the U.S. to discuss partnership issues with Ford and to observe the automobile market
 
 
June
SB small truck exported to Costa Rica for the first time
 
 
July 11
Eiji Toyoda, Executive Managing Director, leaves for the U.S.A. to observe the automobile market
July
New automobile tax instituted
July 18
Taizo Ishida, President of Toyoda Automatic Loom Works, appointed Toyota President
 
 
July 31
Order for 1,000 vehicles received as part of the First Korean War Special Procurement boom
 
 
August 29
Order for 2,329 vehicles received as part of the Third Korean War Special Procurement boom
August
National Police Reserve established
September 15
Internal bulletin 'Toyota Shimbun' (now 'Creation') launched
September
High-Speed Engine Manufacturing Company launches the 'Ota'
December
Production of BDR-type patrol car commenced
 
 
 
 
-
East Japan Heavy-Industries, Ltd and US Kaiser-Frazer Corporation from alliance (commencing knorls down production of the Henry J in June 1951)

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