Released date : 1974/ 4/26

body type



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  • Specification
  • Description
  • Plant
  • Name origin
Grade 1600_High-deluxe 1400_Deluxe 1200_Standard
Model type
Model type TE31-MN TE30-KD KE30-KR
Curb mass(kg) 880 875 785
Dimensions Length(mm) 3995 3995 3995
Width(mm) 1570 1570 1570
Height(mm) 1375 1375 1375
Wheelbase(mm) 2370 2370 2370
Engine Engine code 2T T 3K-H
Engine type Water-cooled, in-line 4-cylinder, OHV Water-cooled, in-line 4-cylinder, OHV Water-cooled, in-line 4-cylinder, OHV
Displacement(cm3) 1588 1407 1166
Max. output kW(PS)/r.p.m. -/100/6000 -/86/6000 -/71/6000
* The specifications are those of representative model grades.
* Max. output represents a net rating. In the above table, digits separated by slashes ( / / ) stand for kW, PS, and r.p.m., respectively.
* The model numbers of these vehicles are KE30(1200), TE30(1400), TE31(1600).
The third-generation Corolla was placed on the market in April 1974. As the second-generation Corolla also stayed in the market for a while longer as a more affordable alternative, the new model was commonly referred to as the Corolla 30 to distinguish it from the older model.

The third-generation model expanded the wheelbase by 35 mm and the front and rear treads by 40 mm, partly to accommodate the devices to meet the emission and collision safety standards. The body variations initially included 2- and 4-door sedans, a 2-door hardtop, and 2- and 4-door vans. In January 1976, a 3-door liftback and a 2-door fastback coupé were added to the lineup, increasing the number of available body categories to five. The front designs of 1,200 cc and 1,400/1,600 cc models of the third-generation Corolla were clearly differentiated, whereas the corresponding second-generation models all looked more or less the same.

The mechanisms of the third-generation models followed those of their predecessors. The available engine displacements were 1,200 cc, 1,400 cc, and 1,600 cc. The 2-speed automatic gearbox was replaced with a 3-speed version. Responding to the increasingly stringent emission control, nearly all third-generation models successfully met the 1978 emission standards by the end of their model life. The U.S. collision safety standards also played an important part, leading to the adoption of shock-absorbing bumpers, protective body-side molding, and seatbelts with the emergency locking retractor (ELR) during the model life of the third-generation Corolla (excepting some models).

During its third generation, the Corolla became the No. 1 brand in the world in terms of the number of units produced.
Plant Takaoka plant, Kanto Auto Works, Ltd., DAIHATSU MOTOR CO.,LTD. [from Dec. 1975 to June 1978]
A "corolla" is the ring of petals around the central part of a flower. The name was intended to evoke the image of a beautifully styled, eye-catching compact car.

This page is part of TOYOTA A HISTORY OF THE FIRST 75 YEARS website. For information on currently marketed vehicles, please refer to the Toyota Motor Corporation website.