The Fifth Toyota Environmental Action Plan sets the future direction of Toyota's environmental activities, outlines the company's ideal form and defines the action plan and goals for the five-year period starting in FY2011. In developing the new plan, Toyota streamlined actions from two points of view: environmental risks and business opportunities (such as penetration of eco-cars) in corporate operations and environmental initiatives expected of a company toward the decade 2020 between 2030. The company positioned these issues under the three priority themes: of (1) contribution to a low-carbon society, (2) contribution to a recycling-based society and (3) environmental protection and contribution to a harmony with nature society. Embracing these themes, Toyota will contribute to the sustainable development of society and the world through monozukuri(manufacturing), kurumazukuri(car-making), and products and services that are in harmony with the global environment.
Toyota's philosophy and policies on the environment are based on the Guiding Principles at Toyota, which were established in 1992 and revised in 1997. Policies for environmental initiatives were formulated as the Toyota Earth Charter in 1992 and then revised in 2000. This Charter is shared among 562 Toyota consolidated affiliates around the world. The Toyota Global Vision announced in 2011 stresses the importance of "respect for the planet." Based on the above philosophy and policies, Toyota will aim to realize a 25 percent improvement in global average fuel efficiency by FY2015, compared to FY2005, as well as launch new and fully redesigned hybrid vehicle models in 21 vehicle series by the end of the FY2015. Toyota will also concurrently proceed with the development of a wide range of technologies, including plug-in hybrids (PHVs), electric vehicles (EVs) and fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) , so that customers can choose the type of eco-car best suited to their applications.
The "Environmental Product Design Assessment Committee," "Production Environment Committee" and the "Resource Recycling Committee" were established under the Toyota Environment Committee, which is chaired by the president, to investigate issues and develop response policies in their respective areas of responsibility. Each committee collaborates with all relevant divisions to promote company-wide action.
As Toyota's business expands on a global scale, a consolidated environmental management system (consolidated EMS) was introduced to promote environmental action in concert with consolidated subsidiaries. Toyota presents its environmental policies and guidelines to all companies subject to consolidated EMS, and requests that all companies adopt and implement five-year environmental action plans, create environmental management systems and undertake environmental activities at the highest levels in their each country or region. Toyota also supports environmental management by affiliates through the sharing of best practices and exchanges of information to mutually strengthen relationships.
As both global energy consumption and CO2 emissions, one of the causes of global warming, continue to increase, there is an increasing level of concern about climate change and the serious impact on human living environments and on ecosystems. Toyota positions taking action to reduce further global warming as a top priority management issue, and is working to reduce CO2 emissions by decreasing energy consumption at all stages of the vehicle lifecycle, including development, design, production, logistics, and sales, as well as in all of Toyota's business areas.
Development and Design
Production and Logistics
Production and Logistics
In FY2012, Toyota reduced CO2 emissions from logistics operations by 5,000 tons through various initiatives, including activities to increase the loading efficiency of trucks, modal shifts, and ongoing fuel-efficiency improvement activities with logistics partners. In addition, a decrease in production volume from the initial plan contributed to a further reduction of CO2 emissions to 302,000 tons. CO2 emissions per ton-kilometer(the transport of one ton of goods over a distance of one kilometer) were 104.8g- CO2/tkm.
Dealers have pressed ahead with voluntary activities based on the Toyota Dealer CSR Guidelines set forth in December 2005. At a CSR workshop held by the Toyota National Dealers' Advisory Council (TNDAC), participants emphasized the need to further accelerate such initiatives, given the enhanced sales of next-generation environmental vehicles and the increasing public interest in environmental actions taken by companies. They called for increased acquisition of third-party certification of environmental management systems, such as ISO 14001 and Eco-Action 21*. In FY2012, 14 Toyota dealers across Japan conducted activities toward acquiring Eco-Action 21 certification.
*A set of guidelines set by the Japanese Ministry of the Environment regarding environmental management systems and environmental reports.