Overview of Automobile Recycling Laws in the EU

27 EU Member States (10 countries became new members in May 2004 and 2 more in January 2007)

27 EU Member States (10 countries became new members in May 2004 and 2 more in January 2007)

In order to promote recycling/recovery of ELVs (End-of-Life Vehicles), the EU issued an ELV directive in October 2002. Based on this directive, all EU member states are establishing laws corresponding to local conditions in each country.

Overview of the EU ELV Directive

Recycling Rate

  • A recoverability rate of at least 95% is required for vehicle type approval of new models (from December 2008)
  • Vehicle recovery rate in each country of 85% or higher in 2006 (5% or less energy recovery) and 95% or higher in 2015 (10% or less energy recovery)

Costs

  • Take-back of ELVs from final owner free of charge
  • Manufacturer pays all or most expenses  Starting July 2002: all new vehicles sold; Starting in 2007: all ELVs

Substances of Concern

Regulations Concerning Substances of Concern

There are restrictions on use of the following substances:

  • Lead
  • Cadmium
  • Mercury
  • Hexavalent chromium

For details, please check : http://eur-lex.europa.eu/en/index.htm