Section 2. European Operations Become Autonomous
Item 3. Expansion of Production Bases
Engine production begins-TMEM, TMMP, and TMIP established
To support the expansion of local production in Europe, Toyota Motor Engineering and Manufacturing Europe NV/SA (TMEM) was established in 1998 as an automobile and automotive parts production coordinating company for all of Europe. Also, Toyota Motor Manufacturing Poland Sp.zo.o. (TMMP) was established in 1999 to bolster production of major components in Europe. TMMP started operations by producing manual transmissions for vehicles produced in Europe in 2002. That same year, Toyota Peugeot Citroen Automobile Czech, s.r.o (TPCA) was established in the Czech Republic as a joint venture with PSA Peugeot Citroen (PSA) of France, and when TPCA began operations in 2005, TMMP began producing engines.
In addition, Toyota Motor Industries Poland Sp.zo.o (TMIP) was established in Poland through joint investment with Toyota Industries Corporation in 2002 to respond to growing demand for diesel vehicles. TMIP, which had the capacity to annually produce 120,000 two-liter diesel engines, began production in 2005 for supply to the Corolla produced by TMUK and TMMT and the Avensis produced by TMUK. Also, Toyota Caetano Portugal, S.A. (TCAP) began producing the Dyna and Hiace. TCAP began exporting the Dyna throughout Europe in 2002 and became a commercial vehicle supply base.