Toyopet Corona

Released date : 1957/ 7/ 1

body type



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  • Specification
  • Description
  • Plant
  • Name origin
Grade Toyopet_Corona(ST)
Model type
Model type T
Curb mass(kg) 960
Dimensions Length(mm) 3912
Width(mm) 1470
Height(mm) 1518
Wheelbase(mm) 2400
Engine Engine code P
Engine type In-line 4-cylinder, side-valve
Displacement(cm3) 995
Max. output kW(PS)/r.p.m. -/33/4500
* The specifications are those of representative model grades.
* Max. output represents a net rating. In the above table, digits separated by slashes ( / / ) stand for kW, PS, and r.p.m., respectively.
* The model numbers of these vehicles are ST10(1000).
The first-generation Corona was placed on the market in July 1957. The customer group that wielded the greatest influence over Japan's passenger car market during the mid-1950s was the taxi industry. Taxis commanded the largest demand for passenger cars, and Datsun (today's Nissan) had nearly monopolized the small-sized taxi segment. While Toyota was leading the privately owned car and medium-sized taxi markets with the Crown, the company had yet to address the rapidly growing demand for small cars with displacements of less than 1,000 cc. In answer to the requests from taxi companies and sales channels, Toyota sought the assistance of Kanto Auto Works and developed the first-generation Corona using the parts of existing models.

The Corona was the first Toyota passenger car to adopt a monocoque body, to which the chassis and drivetrain of the Crown and the doors of the Toyopet Master were attached using the latter's production facilities. The Type S engine (a 995 cc water-cooled inline 4-cylinder unit with side valves) which had been mass-produced for the Toyoace was modified for use on the passenger car, improving the output to 33 PS. In a minor model change in October 1959, the Corona's engine was replaced with the newly developed Type P unit (water-cooled inline 4-cylinder OHV with 997 cc and 45 PS), and the rear cabin was expanded, allowing the Corona to accommodate five rather than four passengers.

The first-generation Corona was dubbed the Dharma, as its chubby and round styling evoked an image of Japan's traditional Dharma doll.
Plant Koromo plant(now Honsha plant), Kanto Auto Works,Ltd.
"Toyopet" : The Toyopet brand name was chosen in a public naming competition. The "corona" is the ring of pearly light around the sun. The name was apt for this robust and approachable family car.

This page is part of TOYOTA A HISTORY OF THE FIRST 75 YEARS website. For information on currently marketed vehicles, please refer to the Toyota Motor Corporation website.