Released date : 1970/12/ 1

body type



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  • Specification
  • Description
  • Plant
  • Name origin
Grade 1600_LT 1600_Twin Cab_Standard 1600_DOHC_GT
Model type
Model type TA22-M TA22-MZ TA-MQ
Curb mass(kg) 880 885 940
Dimensions Length(mm) 4165 4165 4165
Width(mm) 1600 1600 1600
Height(mm) 1310 1310 1310
Wheelbase(mm) 2425 2425 2425
Engine Engine code 2T 2T-B 2T-G
Engine type Water-cooled, in-line 4-cylinder, OHV Water-cooled, in-line 4-cylinder, OHV Water-cooled, in-line 4-cylinder, DOHC
Displacement(cm3) 1588 1588 1588
Max. output kW(PS)/r.p.m. -/100/6000 -/105/6000 -/115/6400
* The specifications are those of representative model grades.
* Max. output represents a net rating. In the above table, digits separated by slashes ( / / ) stand for kW, PS, and r.p.m., respectively.
* The model numbers of these vehicles are TA20(1400), TA22(1600).
The Celica debuted as the first "specialty car" in Japan. Specialty cars (known as pony cars in the U.S.) referred to affordable and sporty cars that were built on existing sedan platforms. Unlike other sedan-based coupés available at the time, the Celica's styling and brand name clearly set the car apart from its base model, and its extensive customization options known as the "full-choice system" also proved popular.

The Celica came in a 2-door hardtop coupé body, with a lineup of engines including a 1,400 cc unit and three 1,600 cc units, and a choice of 4- and 5-speed manual and 3-speed automatic transmissions. There were four model grades including ET, LT, ST, and GT, in ascending order of value. Customers could freely select and combine the engine, transmission, interior and exterior equipment and accessories to personalize their cars, with the price tag ranging from 570,000 yen to 1 million yen. The Celica shared its platform with the Carina family-use sedan that debuted at the same time, although the Celica made a DOHC engine available to its GT grade model, giving customers access to the new high-performance type engine that was still rare in Japan.

The "full-choice system" was based on a similar practice adopted by Ford Motor Company for the 1964 Mustang. The unprecedented success of the Mustang in the U.S. drew in its trail a horde of competing pony cars, including the Chevrolet Camaro, the Pontiac Firebird, and the Dodge Challenger.
Plant Tsutsumi plant
"Celica" is Spanish for "celestial" or "heavenly."

This page is part of TOYOTA A HISTORY OF THE FIRST 75 YEARS website. For information on currently marketed vehicles, please refer to the Toyota Motor Corporation website.