Released date : 1978/ 8/ 3

body type



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  • Specification
  • Description
  • Plant
  • Name origin
Grade Deluxe_4-speed Manual Transmission SE_5-speed Manual Transmission 2door_Deluxe_4-speed Manual Transmission
Model type
Curb mass(kg) 790 815 770
Dimensions Length(mm) 3960 3990 3960
Width(mm) 1555 1555 1555
Height(mm) 1375 1375 1375
Wheelbase(mm) 2500 2500 2500
Engine Engine code 1A-U 1A-U 1A-U
Engine type Water-cooled, in-line 4-cylinder, OHC Water-cooled, in-line 4-cylinder, OHC Water-cooled, in-line 4-cylinder, OHC
Displacement(cm3) 1452 1452 1452
Max. output kW(PS)/r.p.m. -/80/5600 -/80/5600 -/80/5600
* The specifications are those of representative model grades.
* Max. output represents a net rating. In the above table, digits separated by slashes ( / / ) stand for kW, PS, and r.p.m., respectively.
* The model numbers of these vehicles are AL10(1500).
Launched in August 1978, the Tercel and the Corsa were Toyota's first family cars with a front-engine, front-wheel-drive (FF) layout. The two were sister cars, with the difference that the Tercel was marketed only through the Corolla and Diesel channels, while the Corsa was sold exclusively through the Toyopet channel. The three available body types included 2- and 4-door notchback sedans and a 2-door sedan with a glass hatch. Although their body dimensions were a size smaller than the Corolla, their 2,500 mm wheelbase was 130 mm longer than that of the Corolla.

At the time, there was a growing worldwide trend among FF cars to mount the engine transversely. However, the Tercel and the Corsa went against this trend and placed a newly developed inline 4-cylinder SOHC 1.5-liter 80 PS engine (1A-U) lengthwise, with the manual transmission (4- or 5-speed) and final drive units located underneath. The advantages of the lengthwise engine placement included the ease of maintenance, smoother gear shifts, and the absence of torque steering. The 4-wheel independent suspension employed a MacPherson strut and coil spring system for the front and a trailing arm and coil spring system for the rear. A 1.3-liter 74 PS engine model was added to the line in June 1979. A 3-speed automatic transmission option was made available to the 1.5-liter model in August 1979, and to the 1.3-liter model in August 1980.
Plant Takaoka plant
The meaning is the same as in English (peregrine falcon).

This page is part of TOYOTA A HISTORY OF THE FIRST 75 YEARS website. For information on currently marketed vehicles, please refer to the Toyota Motor Corporation website.