Hilux Surf

Released date : 1984/ 5/ 2

body type

Sports Utility Vehicle


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  • Specification
  • Description
  • Plant
  • Name origin
Grade SR_Surf Deluxe_Pickup_Long body SR_Short body_Pickup
Model type
Model type L-YN60V-MS L-YN65-MD L-YN60-MS
Curb mass(kg) 1430 1335 1320
Dimensions Length(mm) 4435 4690 4435
Width(mm) 1690 1690 1690
Height(mm) 1745 1765 1765
Wheelbase(mm) 2610 2840 2605
Engine Engine code 3Y-J 3Y-J 3Y-J
Engine type Water-cooled, in-line 4-cylinder, OHV Water-cooled, in-line 4-cylinder, OHV Water-cooled, in-line 4-cylinder, OHV
Displacement(cm3) 1998 1998 1998
Max. output kW(PS)/r.p.m. -/105/5200 -/105/5200 -/105/5200
* The specifications are those of representative model grades.
* Max. output represents a net rating. In the above table, digits separated by slashes ( / / ) stand for kW, PS, and r.p.m., respectively.
* The model numbers of these vehicles are YN60V(2000), LN60V(2400), YN65(2000), YN60(2000), LN65(2400), LN60(2400).
The Hilux Surf was launched in May 1984 as a new multi-use 4-wheel-drive (4WD) vehicle. Using the Hilux pickup truck as the base model and mounting a fiberglass-reinforced plastic (FRP) canopy on the bed, the Surf could accommodate two to five passengers. A North American version was released earlier in October 1983 as the 4Runner.

Similar conversion of 4WD pickups into multi-use off-road vehicles had been frequently done in the U.S. by West Coast-based specialist firms. By combining the superior off-road performance of a 4WD with a multipurpose wagon body, they had created an attractive vehicle genre that answered a wide range of leisure needs.

The Hilux Surf came with a lineup of inline 4-cylinder engines, including a 2,000 cc gasoline-powered unit and two 2,400 cc diesel units (naturally aspirated and turbocharged). The front and rear suspensions used a rigid axle and leaf spring design. To improve the on-road performance, the front suspension was replaced with an independent double wishbone and torsion bar spring system in August 1985. In the following August, a wagon that classified as a "5 number" passenger car was added to the Surf line, equipped with a 2,000 cc 4-cylinder EFI gasoline engine, a 4WD system that could switch between high and low modes while running, and an electronically controlled 4-speed automatic transmission.
Plant Tahara plant, Hamura plant(Hino Motors, Ltd.)
"Hilux" is a combination of "high" and "luxury." "Surf" means large waves which symbolize the expansiveness of the vehicle's utility.

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