Released date : 1994/ 5/10

body type

Sports Utility Vehicle


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  • Specification
  • Description
  • Plant
  • Name origin
Grade RAV4 J Grade-E
Model type
Model type E-SXA10G-AZMGK(U) E-SXA10G-AZMGK(A)
Curb mass(kg) 1150 1130
Dimensions Length(mm) 3695 3695
Width(mm) 1695 1695
Height(mm) 1655 1655
Wheelbase(mm) 2200 2200
Engine Engine code 3S-FE 3S-FE
Engine type In-line 4-cylinder, DOHC, 16valve In-line 4-cylinder, DOHC, 16valve
Displacement(cm3) 1998 1998
Max. output kW(PS)/r.p.m. -/135/6000 -/135/6000
* The specifications are those of representative model grades.
* Max. output represents a net rating. In the above table, digits separated by slashes ( / / ) stand for kW, PS, and r.p.m., respectively.
* The model numbers of these vehicles are SXA10G(2000).
The RAV4 debuted in May 1994 as a compact SUV. Although the Suzuki Escudo (1988) and the Daihatsu Rocky (1990) had led the compact 4-wheel-drive (4WD) market, the RAV4 distinguished itself by adopting the basic design approach of a passenger car. While the Escudo and the Rocky were genuine cross-country 4WD vehicles with a body-on-frame construction and a sub transmission, the RAV4 came with a frameless monocoque body and a front-wheel-drive-based full-time 4WD system, making it a new type of 4WD vehicle designed for on-road driving. Drivers of ordinary passenger cars could easily drive the RAV4, and the relatively high driver's seat position made the vehicle easy to handle. For these reasons, the RAV4 gained support of female drivers as well.

Stimulated by the success of the RAV4, a succession of competitors entered the market from around the world, including the Honda CR-V, the Mitsubishi Pajero Io, and the Land Rover Freelander. The RAV4 added a 4-door model in April 1995 with the wheelbase extended by 210 mm, and a 2WD model in September 1997 for those who did not require the 4WD capability.
Plant Motomachi plant, Tahara plant [from Jan. 1996], Toyota Industries Corporation
"RAV4" is the acronym of Recreational Active Vehicle with 4-wheel-drive, and the "J" stands for "joyful."

This page is part of TOYOTA A HISTORY OF THE FIRST 75 YEARS website. For information on currently marketed vehicles, please refer to the Toyota Motor Corporation website.