Japan

Toyota

60004580

1st

Toyopet Crown

Released date : 1955/ 1/ 5

body type

Sedan

SD

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  • Specification
  • Description
  • Plant
  • Name origin
Grade RS
Model type
&
weight
Model type RS
Curb mass(kg) 1210
Dimensions Length(mm) 4285
Width(mm) 1680
Height(mm) 1525
Wheelbase(mm) 2530
Engine Engine code R
Engine type In-line 4-cylinder, OHV
Displacement(cm3) 1453
Max. output kW/(PS)/r.pm -/48/4000
* The specifications are those of representative model grades.
* Max. output represents a net rating.
* The model numbers of these vehicles are RS(1500).
The debut of the Crown in January 1955 marked the dawn of motorization by Japanese-made automobiles. The Crown was an epoch-making model that served as an inspiration to the Japanese auto industry as a whole. At the time, Japanese carmakers were struggling to catch up with their Western counterparts after suffering a severe setback during and after WWII. Isuzu, Nissan, and Hino formed alliances with Hillman, Austin, and Renault, respectively, assembling imported knockdown kits in Japan. Toyota did not choose this path, however, deciding instead to develop the Crown as a purely Japanese-made sedan. The styling and mechanisms were tailored to meet the contemporary needs and road conditions in Japan. Since its principal features ranging from ride comfort to durability were so well-balanced, the Crown was enthusiastically received by wealthy individuals, companies, government agencies, and taxi firms. Characteristically, its rear doors were rear-hinged, which gave it the nickname "double-doored Crown."

It was equipped with a 1.5-liter 4-cylinder OHV Type R engine that produced 48 hp, with a 3-speed manual transmission and a column shifter. The front and rear bench seating could accommodate six passengers. To secure ride comfort that would satisfy discerning private owners, the independent front suspension featured a double wishbone and coil spring system, whereas the rear suspension used three semi-oval leaf springs.
Plant Koromo plant(now Honsha plant), Motomachi plant [from 1959]
"Toyopet" : The Toyopet brand name was chosen in a public naming competition.
"Crown" : The meaning is the same as in English.
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This page is part of TOYOTA A HISTORY OF THE FIRST 75 YEARS website. For information on currently marketed vehicles, please refer to the Toyota Motor Corporation website.